Germany's health minister has issued a strong warning to the country's population, stating that vaccination is essential for survival. "Some may find this cynical, but by the end of this winter, almost everyone in Germany will have been vaccinated, recovered, or died," Jens Spahn said, "that's the reality."

"That is why we so urgently encourage vaccination," Spahn added, blaming "the particularly contagious delta variation" for the country's rapid spike in infections, which is seen as the pandemic's fourth wave. “Some German regions are in a very, very severe position,” he said.

As the number of cases rises, Germany is considering implementing tighter Covid-19 restrictions, including a partial lockdown, as its neighbour, the Netherlands, has done. “No measures, including lockdown, are off the table,” Spahn said. 

According to the Robert Koch Institute for Infectious Diseases, more than 30,000 new cases were reported on Monday.

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Meanwhile, Germany has one of the lowest vaccination rates in Western Europe, with 68% of the adult population receiving full vaccination but only 7% receiving a booster injection. Boosters are required because we know that vaccine immunity lasts just around six months.

According to Deutsche Welle, Spahn told Germans not to be picky about which vaccine they received, noting that "some vaccinating physicians think BioNTech is the Mercedes of vaccines while Moderna is the Rolls-Royce."

Spahn stated, "there is adequate vaccine for all planned vaccinations and both vaccines are effective."

Covid vaccinations considerably lower the risk of severe infection, hospitalisation, and death, although vaccine reluctance has been more prevalent in some European countries than in others. And when it comes to access to public venues for vaccinated and unvaccinated persons, segregation is becoming more pronounced.