Today's Report (11/03/2021)
Crude oil prices drifted lower today after the Energy Information Administration reported an oil inventory build of 3.3 million barrels for the week to October 29. This compared with a build of 4.3 million barrels that paused the oil price rally last week.
The authority also reported mixed results in gasoline and middle distillates. In gasoline, the EIA estimated an inventory decline of 1.5 million barrels for the seven days to October 29, with production averaging 10.2 million BPD. This compared with a stock draw of 2 million barrels for the previous week and average daily production of 10.1 million BPD.
In middle distillates, the EIA reported an inventory build of 2.2 million barrels for the week to October 29. This compared with a decline of 400,000 barrels estimated for the previous week. Production of middle distillates averaged 4.8 million BPD last week, which compared with 4.6 million BPD a week earlier.
What Is It?
Provides weekly information on petroleum inventories in the US, whether produced here or abroad. It provides a weekly total of inventories either added or reduced.
What Are The Fundamental Effects?
Energy prices generally rise during periods of economic expansion and fall during recessions. They’re certainly subject to inflationary pressures. Rising prices can impact pricing for products and services. These include heavy industry, transportation, and even retail. It directly affects consumer prices for a number of products.
How Does It Affect The Markets?
During periods of strong economic growth, one would expect demand to be robust. If inventories are low, this will lead to increases in crude oil prices. If inventories are high and rising in a period of strong demand, prices may not need to increase at all, or as much.
Some More Insight
Petroleum product prices are determined by supply and demand - just like any other good and service. During periods of strong economic growth, one would expect demand to be robust. If inventories are low, this will lead to increases in crude oil prices - or price increases for a wide variety of petroleum products such as gasoline or heating oil. If inventories are high and rising in a period of strong demand, prices may not need to increase at all, or as much. During a period of sluggish economic activity, demand for crude oil may not be as strong. If inventories are rising, this may push down oil prices.
Crude oil is an important commodity in the global market. Prices fluctuate depending on supply and demand conditions in the world. Since oil is such an important part of the economy, it can also help determine the direction of inflation. In the U.S., consumer prices have moderated whenever oil prices have fallen, but have accelerated when oil prices have risen.